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陕西文化载体-不在方艺术空间

文章出处:未知 │ 网站编辑:admin │ 发表时间:2019-11-05 13:56:35 我要分享

 
 

 

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背景

 

项目所在地“半坡国际艺术区”原是国家“一五”期间由前苏联援建的西北地区最大的纺织工业基地,艺术区的建筑主体是1961年建成的西北第一印染厂旧址(唐华一印)。之后这片纺织区逐渐退出了历史舞台,遗留下上万平米质量颇高的苏式厂房。

2007年,部分西安艺术家和艺术机构进入,自发形成“纺织城艺术区”。2012年,资本的强势介入把艺术区更名为“半坡国际艺术区”,原有的连续性大厂房空间被划分为独立铺面进行租赁,世俗化和商业化的氛围迫使艺术家群体渐渐离去,取而代之的是餐饮、婚纱摄影、广告公司等商业机构。

The Banpo International Art District was the largest textile industry base of Northwest China which was built by the former Soviet Union during the First Five-Year Plan period. The main buildings of Art District are the site of the first printing and dyeing factory of Northwest China (Tanghua Yiyin), which was built in 1961. After that, the textile area gradually withdrew from the historical stage, but left behind tens of thousands of square meters of high-quality Soviet-style factory buildings. In 2007, some Xi'an artists and art institutions entered and spontaneously formed "Textile City Art District". In 2012, the strong intervention of capital renamed this area as“Banpo International Art District”. The original continuous large spaces were divided into independent Shops for leasing. The atmosphere of secularization and commercialization forced the artists to disappear gradually, replaced by restaurants, wedding photography, advertising companies and other commercial organizations.

 

 

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▲原印染车间(来源于网络)

original printing and dyeing workshop

 

 

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▲2007年印染车间状况(来源于网络)

Printing and Dyeing Workshops in 2007

 

目标

 

在这样的背景下,垣建筑于2015年接手了其中两跨厂房的改造设计。甲方希望这个空间能够成为艺术的载体,传播和展示陕西文化,同时满足适当相对独立的办公、接待、研究和储藏功能。

我们在分析研究后首先确定了几个原则:第一,对工业遗产要有足够的尊重,充分展现其空间价值;第二,对外部环境要有足够的应对,既要屏蔽杂糅商业环境对艺术空间的干扰,又要通过设计积极改善公共空间环境;第三,对内部空间要预留足够的自由度,保证空间灵活调整的余地;第四,对这个现状面积仅有256㎡的厂房空间要有造园的意趣,以延伸人在艺术空间中从感官到身体的知觉体验。

In this context, we took over the renovation design of two-span factory buildings in 2015. The owner hoped that this space could become a container of art to disseminate and display Shaanxi culture, meanwhile satisfy some auxiliary functions such as office, reception, research and storage.

We first determined several principles after analyzing and reserching. Firstly, we should respect the industrial heritage and show its spatial value adequately. Secondly, we should respond adequately to the external environment, not only shield the interference of mixed commercial environment on artistic space, but also actively improve the public space through design. Thirdly, enough freedom should be reserved for the internal space to ensure the flexibility of space adjustment.Fourthly, we should have the interest of Chinese garden for this workshop space with a current area of only 256 feet so as to avoid flattening, but extending people's perceptual experience from sense to body.

 

 

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▲2015年改造前厂房状况  

factory space before renovation in 2015

 

 

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▲改造后的厂房兼具了展厅、办公、接待、研究和储藏功能

 

 

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 ▲展示空间 exhibition space

 

 

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▲挑高茶室日景 day view of high tea room

 

空间

 

基于以上原则,我们首先利用厂房中段的结构体进行了适度的“空间加厚”,在其中塞入部分服务性功能来分隔出南北两个主要空间区域。北部区域保留了完整的大空间作为展览活动的需要,同时能够感受厂房最原始的空间力量。南部区域则利用西侧和南侧的砖砌“老墙”、东侧的双层“竹墙”以及内部现浇的木纹混凝土“新墙”共同构成了一个内向型螺旋上升的空间动势。这种空间关系一方面有“四合院”的“内向性特征”,避免了外部商业气氛的干扰。

 

另一方面设计主要在经营“方柱”、“片墙”、“水平板”的叙事性构成关系,希望呈现出“园林”里“小中见大”、“处处有景”的路径和视线特征,又能为空间提供垂直向度的叙事性体验。

Based on the above principles, we first used the original structure of the middle section to carry out a moderate "space thickening", which are similar to a "thick wall" filled with stairs, galleries, toilets, tea rooms and other service functions,to separate and define the two main space areas in the North-South direction.The northern area retained a complete large space for exhibition and activities, visitorscan feel the most primitive power here. In the southern area, we created introversive spaces with the movement trend of spiral rise, which composited together by the old brick walls on the west and south, the double bamboo wall on the east and the new concrete walls of pine wood texture. On the one hand, this kind of spatial relationship has the introversive characteristic of Chinese Courtyard to avoid the interference from external business atmosphere. On the other hand, the narrative logic of "vertical walls" and "horizontal boards" is adopted in this design, which not only presents the path and feeling of "big in small" in Chinese garden, but also provides the multi-dimensional possibility of vertical space.

 

 

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▲展示空间 exhibition space

 

 

 

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▲楼梯空间 Stair space

 

 

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▲楼梯空间 Stair space

 

 

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▲楼梯空间夜景 Stair space of night view

 

 

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▲入口空间夜景 night view of  entrance space

 

 

 

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▲一层小茶室 tea room on the first floor

 

 

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 二层洞口 the holes of second floor

 

 

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从二层看一层小茶室 tea room of first floor is seen from the second floor

 

 

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洞口关系 the relationship of holes

 

材料

 

我们对原有的混凝土结构和不同时期叠加的砖墙予以充分保留,并剥去了混凝土结构的白色饰面,使其真实暴露。新植入的木纹混凝土是对原有混凝土的致敬,希望空间的整体属性是一致的,仅在肌理表达上作了明确区分。

厂房空间的东立面属于艺术区的公共过道界面,我们选择了双层竹墙进行维护,一方面利用竹子的自然属性软化外部商业空间的生硬感,产生界面的趣味性;另一方面,竹墙的间隙产生了一种“犹抱琵琶半遮面”的半透明效果,内外之间既得到了明确的分隔,又保持了某种暧昧模糊的神秘感,确立了艺术空间的自我身份。

We fully retained the original concrete structure and the brick walls superimposed at different times, the use of new concrete walls are a tribute to these original materials, Similar materials also can help to keep the overall attributes of spacial feeling, only the texture expression is clearly distinguished. We chose double bamboo walls for the eastern facade of this space which belongs to the public corridor, on the one hand, the natural attributes of bamboo are used to soften the stiffness of external commercial space and produce interesting interface; on the other hand, the gaps between bamboo walls produces a semi-transparent effect to maintain a vague sense of mystery which can be established the self-identity of art space.

 

 

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二层展廊空间gallery space on the second floor

 

 

 

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▲东立面入口entrance and east facade

 

 

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▲东立面竹墙bamboo wall of east facade

 

结语

 

这个低造价项目的主体改造2016年便完工了,但因为诸多原因一度闲置。直到2019年一批艺术品的入住才得以重新修整布置并对外开放,事先预留的空间自由度也给予了布置的各种可能性,最终呈现了一个充满力量而又琳琅满目的小型艺术空间,因为“小”也才能注入更多的体验、身体与情感。

The main transformation of this space was completed in 2016, but for many reasons it was once empty and wasted. Until 2019 with a collection of artworks’s coming, we had the chance to re-arranged this art space, and finally presented a small art space which is full of powerful and colorful. It is also because of "small" we had the chance to inject more experience, body and emotion.

 

 

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▲展品与老砖墙exhibits with old Brick Wall

 

 

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▲展品与细节exhibits and details

 

 

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▲展品与细节exhibits and details

 

 

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▲模型照片1 model photo

 

 

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▲模型照片2 model photo

 

 

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▲模型照片3 model photo

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